Supply Chain Manager
Supply chain managers coordinate the procurement of a company's essential supplies.
A supply chain is the network of suppliers, distributors, service providers and sub-contractors a company uses to source materials, components, supplies and services it needs to run its manufacturing operations. Supply chain managers plan, manage and coordinate all activities related to the sourcing and procurement of these supplies, according to the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals. A supply chain manager must ensure that supplies are available when they are needed to meet changing levels of demand for a company’s products.
Supply chain managers typically hold a bachelor’s degree, according to O*Net Online. A degree in business, finance, industrial engineering or supply chain management is relevant to this position. Managers can improve their professional credentials by obtaining certification from an accreditation organization, such as the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, the Institute of Supply Management or the Institute of Supply Chain Management.
These managers must have good analytical and planning skills to establish supply requirements. They review demand forecasts with the marketing team and manufacturing schedules with the production management team. They establish supply schedules and communicate requirements to members of the supply chain. They aim to ensure that all essential supplies are available when needed so that the company can meet market requirements. To control costs, they must also minimize unnecessary stock.
Supply chain managers monitor supply chain employee performance. They establish metrics to assess factors such as quality, cost and delivery performance. To enforce standards, they may operate a system of bonuses or penalties related to the agreed level of performance. Managers also collaborate with members of the supply chain to find ways of improving efficiency or reducing costs.
To ensure that supply chain members can respond quickly when market conditions change, managers must develop effective communication processes. They work closely with technical specialists to integrate the diverse networks and communication systems that different members of the supply chain use. Providing supply chain members with essential market and production information helps them plan their own production schedules and investment programs.
Supply chain managers aim to build mutually beneficial relationships with suppliers so that the entire supply chain works in a cooperative way. Instead of constantly changing suppliers to find the lowest prices, supply chain managers build longer-term relationships with suppliers that offer quality, value, a willingness to collaborate and the flexibility to meet changing supply requirements.
Pay and Outlook
The median annual wage for supply chain managers was $99,540 in 2011, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data reported by O*Net Online. Employment opportunities in this field are projected to grow les
"Supply Chain Manager"
Basic Job Description:
Direct or coordinate production, purchasing, warehousing, distribution, or financial forecasting services or activities to limit costs and improve accuracy, customer service, or safety. Examine existing procedures or opportunities for streamlining activities to meet product distribution needs. Direct the movement, storage, or processing of inventory.
Job Duties and Tasks for: "Supply Chain Manager"
1) Review or update supply chain practices in accordance with new or changing environmental policies, standards, regulations, or laws.
2) Select transportation routes to maximize economy by combining shipments or consolidating warehousing and distribution.
3) Diagram supply chain models to help facilitate discussions with customers.
4) Develop material costs forecasts or standard cost lists.
5) Assess appropriate material handling equipment needs and staffing levels to load, unload, move, or store materials.
6) Appraise vendor manufacturing ability through on-site visits and measurements.
7) Negotiate prices and terms with suppliers, vendors, or freight forwarders.
8) Monitor supplier performance to assess ability to meet quality and delivery requirements.
9) Monitor forecasts and quotas to identify changes or to determine their effect on supply chain activities.
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10) Meet with suppliers to discuss performance metrics, to provide performance feedback, or to discuss production forecasts or changes.
11) Implement new or improved supply chain processes.
12) Collaborate with other departments, such as procurement, engineering, and quality assurance, to identify or qualify new suppliers.
13) Develop or implement procedures or systems to evaluate or select suppliers.
14) Analyze information about supplier performance or procurement program success.
15) Design or implement supply chains that support environmental policies.
16) Document physical supply chain processes, such as workflows, cycle times, position responsibilities, or system flows.
17) Design or implement plant warehousing strategies for production materials or finished products.
18) Confer with supply chain planners to forecast demand or create supply plans that ensure availability of materials or products.
19) Define performance metrics for measurement, comparison, or evaluation of supply chain factors, such as product cost or quality.
20) Analyze inventories to determine how to increase inventory turns, reduce waste, or optimize customer service.
21) Participate in the coordination of engineering changes, product line extensions, or new product launches to ensure orderly and timely transitions in material or production flow.
22) Manage activities related to strategic or tactical purchasing, material requirements planning, inventory control, warehousing, or receiving.
23) Develop procedures for coordination of supply chain management with other functional areas, such as sales, marketing, finance, production, or quality assurance.
24) Design or implement supply chains that support business strategies adapted to changing market conditions, new business opportunities, or cost reduction strategies.
25) Conduct or oversee the conduct of life cycle analyses to determine the environmental impacts of products, processes, or systems.
26) Design, implement, or oversee product take back or reverse logistics programs to ensure products are recycled, reused, or responsibly disposed.
27) Evaluate and select information or other technology solutions to improve tracking and reporting of materials or products distribution, storage, or inventory.
28) Identify opportunities to reuse or recycle materials to minimize consumption of new materials, minimize waste, or to convert wastes to by-products.
29) Investigate or review the carbon footprints and environmental performance records of current or potential storage and distribution service providers.
30) Locate or select biodegradable, non-toxic, or other environmentally friendly raw materials for manufacturing processes.
Job Activities for: "Supply Chain Manager"
1) Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
2) Making Decisions and Solving Problems -- Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
3) Interacting With Computers -- Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
4) Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
5) Developing and Building Teams -- Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
6) Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work -- Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Skills Needed for: "Supply Chain Manager"
1) Reading Comprehension -- Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
2) Active Listening -- Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
3) Speaking -- Talking to others to convey information effectively.
4) Coordination -- Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
5) Complex Problem Solving -- Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
6) Monitoring -- Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
7) Judgment and Decision Making -- Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
8) Critical Thinking -- Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
9) Writing -- Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
10) Systems Analysis -- Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
11) Time Management -- Managing one's own time and the time of others.
12) Social Perceptiveness -- Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
13) Systems Evaluation -- Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
14) Management of Material Resources -- Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
15) Active Learning -- Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
16) Persuasion -- Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
17) Negotiation -- Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
18) Management of Personnel Resources -- Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
19) Instructing -- Teaching others how to do something.
20) Service Orientation -- Actively looking for ways to help people.
Abilities Needed for: "Supply Chain Manager"
1) Written Comprehension -- The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
2) Oral Expression -- The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
3) Written Expression -- The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
4) Oral Comprehension -- The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
5) Problem Sensitivity -- The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
6) Deductive Reasoning -- The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
7) Near Vision -- The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
8) Speech Clarity -- The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
9) Inductive Reasoning -- The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
10) Speech Recognition -- The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
11) Information Ordering -- The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
12) Category Flexibility -- The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
13) Originality -- The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
14) Flexibility of Closure -- The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
15) Selective Attention -- The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
16) Mathematical Reasoning -- The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
17) Number Facility -- The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
18) Time Sharing -- The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
"Supply Chain Manager"
Knowledge, Experience, Education Required for: "Supply Chain Manager"
1) Production and Processing -- Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
2) Administration and Management -- Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
3) Transportation -- Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
4) English Language -- Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
5) Mathematics -- Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
6) Customer and Personal Service -- Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
7) Computers and Electronics -- Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
8) Economics and Accounting -- Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
9) Personnel and Human Resources -- Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
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