6. Design systems and components that meet needs and requirements.
7. Produce outline designs.
8. Conduct experiments methodically, analyse data and interpret results.
9. Test and evaluates theoretical designs.
10. Identify, formulate and produce effective solutions to emerging problems.
11. Evaluate finally product’s overall performance, reliability and safety.
12. Alter and modify design to meet requirements and to eliminate malfunctions.
13. Estimate budgets and scope of project.